Geographical characteristics

Côte-des-Neiges is located in the middle of the Island of Montreal and, like an enclave, is surrounded by the richest sectors: Town of Mount-Royal to the north, Outremont to the east, Westmount to the south, and Cote-Saint-Luc and Hamstead to the west.

Within the territory, one finds many institutions, such as the University of Montreal, Jean Brébeuf and Notre-Dame colleges, a dozen other teaching institutions, several important hospitals, residences, a CLSC…. The district is also equipped with many centres of worship, such as St-Joseph’s Oratory, as well as several parks, such as Mount Royal, some community gardens, sports facilities, a cultural centre, two libraries, Jewish and Hellenic community institutions, as well as the Côte-des-Neiges Cemetery.

One also finds a sector of light industries along the railroad, as well as several businesses, mainly along Côte-des-Neiges, Victoria, Van Horne, Jean Talon and Darlington streets.

Its population density is in the medium range. Residential buildings accommodate multiple dwellings, among some duplex and apartment towers. Transportation wise, the district is well served by the Decarie expressway, several important arteries, Côte-des-Neiges Road which connects the district to the downtown area, not less than eight subway stations and several bus lines which go in all directions.

Socio-economic characteristics (2001 census statistics)

One notes a very great ethnic diversity in Côte-des-Neiges: 51% of people were born outside of Canada, and this rate tends to increase because of the constant arrival of new immigrants. More than 110 languages are registered as languages spoken by the pupils of the district’s schools.

Also, even though a certain part of the population lives in comfort, 41% of the households (as compared to 29% for the remainder of Montreal) are low-income. The percentage is 78,4% for single parent families with children under 5 years of age, while for two parent families, it is 46,4%. Although the district is relatively provided for academically for (with university students and graduate immigrants), access to the job market is rather difficult, particularly because many academic qualifications are not professionally recognized. The unemployment rate for Côte-des-Neiges is above 13% whereas it is generally below 10% for the whole of the greater Montreal area.

The district is part of 7 territories identified by Public Health Management as being “sensitive” because of the large numbers of children living in a context of vulnerability. In 10 of the elementary schools, the pupils profit from the MEQ’s Breakfast Program, and the only secondary school is classified as being the 3rd most underprivileged in Montreal. Moreover, more than 80% of households are tenants, of which 1 out of 5 spends more than 50% of its income on rent. There is little social housing (4.4%).